Beijing and Hanoi

Beijing and Hanoi are the capital cities of China and Vietnam. Both cities are the second largest cities of their countries. This post will compare and contrast some of the population, location and climate features of the two cities.

The populations of the cities differ and there are differences in their compositions. Firstly, Beijing has approximately 15.2 million people, whereas Hanoi has only about 4.1 million people. Secondly, Beijing is composed of Chinese Han which is 96 per cent of all people in China, but Vietnam is composed of mainly Vietnamese and the two biggest minorities which are Chinese and Hmong.

The two cities are different in their physical features. Firstly, the areas of the cities differ. Beijing’s area is bigger than Hanoi’s. Beijing covers an area of 16,808 square kilometres, while Hanoi is only 921 square kilometres. Secondly, the locations of the cities are different. Beijing is on the north tip of North-eastern China, which is about 60 kilometres from Tianjin, North-west of the port. Hanoi is at the head of the Red River delta, which is about 140 kilometres from South China Sea.

Finally, there are differences in the climates of the cities. Beijing’s climate is continental, but Hanoi’s is tropical. In these conditions, Beijing’s average temperature ranges and annual rainfall are lower than Hanoi’s. Beijing’s average low temperature in January is -4 degrees centigrade and is much lower than Hanoi’s at 14 degrees centigrade, Beijing’s average annual rainfall of 635 mm is also lower than Hanoi’s of 2000 mm.

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